Doors as part of a buildings fire compartmentation

When specified and manufactured correctly timber doors can save lives, by ensuring that in the event of a fire it doesn’t spread from one fire compartment to another. The fire compartmentation is the division of the building into discrete fire zones, and is the most effective means of limiting fire damage.

It is designed to contain the fire within the area where the fire started. The compartmentation approach provides at least some protection for the rest of the building and its occupants even if other fire prevention systems that have been installed fail. The fire compartmentation delays the spread of fire before the fire brigade arrives on scene.

In the event of a fire starting within a building with fire compartmentation installed, the amount of damage would depend on the layout of the buildings fire compartmentation. The use of correctly specified door sets with seals and closers form a major part of ensuring that this works well.

The compartmentation will enable the building to have passive fire protection which is an integral component of the three components of structural fire protection and safety in a building. This attempts to contain fires through the use of fire resistant walls, floors, and doors etc. This kind of fire protection does not typically require electric or electronic activation or a degree of motion, but the use of door closers and electro-magnetic door holders that release doors when a fire is detected, form an important part of the compartmentation. The intumescent products must be able to swell to carry out their function. This means that by using tested timber door sets you can ensure that they are designed to function properly, both for everyday use and in the event of an emergency.

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